The size of Golden Beach is approximately 5 km². It has 9 parks covering nearly 9% of the total area.
Golden Beach is a suburb located within the Caloundra urban centre directly southwest of the Caloundra CBD. At the 2011 Australian Census the suburb recorded a population of 5,179.
Golden Beach is a coastal suburb with the Pumicestone Passage forming its eastern boundary. It is mostly fully developed with low density residential housing. A canal from the passage passes through the suburb from east to west leading into the canal developments of the neighbouring suburb of Pelican Waters. The long sandspit at the northern tip of Bribie Island protects Golden Beach from the Coral Sea.
Settlement of Golden Beach dates from the late 19th century, with land used mainly for farming and grazing. Development of the suburb started from the 1950s, with rapid growth from the 1960s into the 1980s.